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My proposal for the city of Norfolk, Virginia residents is to make a sustainable city of the future by the year 2030. A smart growth plan for the city would mean new changes and development for this ever growing city. Buildings would need to be redesigned with “green” friendly construction. The plan would include; less wood, different heating and cooling systems, programmable thermostats, and insulated windows. Hydropower would be one of the main renewable energy resources. Also, Norfolk will be redesigned with compact developments, so that a threshold effect will take place. Residents will be in walking distance to all main areas of their community. Cutting down on the need for automobiles will help with air pollution. Norfolk will then be a more environmentally friendly place to live with these few changes made.

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The Shareable Future of Cities

  • How many people does Steffen estimate we will have living in or near cities by mid-century?

By the mid-century Steffen estimates that 8 billion or more will have living in or near cities.

  • Explain how you agree or disagree with Steffen’s point that our energy use is “predestined” rather than “behavioral”.

I agree with Steffen’s point that the population is growing therefore our energy usage is predestined. We know what energy we are using now with the population growing you must agree so will the usage of our energy.

  • What correlation does Steffen make between a city’s density and its climate emissions?

The denser the city is the lesser climate emissions, because everything is close by and you can walk to your destination instead of using transportation which pollutes the air.

  • What are the “eco districts” that Steffen mentions? How you see these as feasible or unfeasible in a city like Norfolk?

Eco districts is when someone reweaves and makes use out of places that are already there, to make it a more sustainable environment to live in, and whole new sustainable neighborhoods where everything is close by. I believe it is feasible to reconstruct and reweave Norfolk to make it an “Eco District” by utilizing what you have and getting rid of what is not used.


  • Explain how you agree or disagree with the “threshold effect” that Steffen discusses related to transportation.

I agree that with a lot of people together a threshold effect will happen, where people just don’t use their cars anymore. They start to walk everywhere because the places are nearby.

  • What does Steffen mean by the idea that, “…even space itself is turning into a service…”? Can you provide any examples that you see here in Norfolk or elsewhere?

Even space itself is turning into a service is the idea that people share spaces. For example, the convention center in VA Beach is used by many companies to show off their products and to have graduations held there, and all of these people are renting the space at different times to earn a profit.

  • Describe your understanding of Steffen’s argument that, “…it’s not about the leaves above, but the systems below…”.

It’s not about how many trees you grow or how many plants you grow in a specific area it’s about the system you put in place in your buildings. Example: Capturing rain water, green infrastructures, connecting rivers, pollination pathways for bees and butterflies to come back to the city.

  • Finally, overall in what way(s) do you see Steffen’s ideas working / not working here in Norfolk? Spend time with this question!

Steffen has good ideas for reworking the cities, which could be done in Norfolk by creating a lot of eco districts. When eco districts are put into place then a threshold effect will occur, then the traffic will be reduced. This is a major problem in the city of Norfolk in all the different parts, plus the problem of parking too.

Technology in schools

Should students be punished for their technology failing?

Let’s say you have a clicker for a class, and that is what the teacher takes attendance off of and in class participation. If the students clicker stops working in that class should they be marked not there? If they raise their hand and explain the situation, plus want to write a hard copy of their answers. To make an effort that they were there?

Well to my teacher, they will be punished!

cool, why am I even here?


So I have been looking through this website and they have some cool things!

Here are a couple of the things that were interesting to me:




Chance favors the connective mind 🙂


2/1 Article for class


i hope this is okay 🙂





I went to log onto my gmail and it asked me to read the policies and i just clicked

okay i got it 😉



this was what the class lecture was about today)


Reading :)

Telecommuting could potentially save the world, by cutting down your gas used!

Brooks, D. (2001). Facing Up to Our Fears. Newsweek, 138(17), 66.


The article was written in the aftermath of September 11, 2001. It summarizes very briefly what the world was focused on prior to the terrorist attack, and how Americans really never gave much thought to foreign affairs as they do today. Their fear, anxiety, rage, and sadness are now guiding their daily lives as opposed to how they lived before the attacks. The article discusses how the Bush administration handled the situation. The administration told the public “it’s best to go back to normal life,” while the justice department was full of dark forebodings.  It was no act of nature what happened, it was brought on by men who get up daily full of hate, who are weak, and prey on innocent people.  It is up to Americans to think as a nation instead of an individualistic society. They have to rely on our government; already there has been a surge in confidence in our government’s ability to somehow handle this problem.  Americans are not given much detail on how they are handling the problem; nevertheless they have to rely on the government to help prevent another terror attack. This has brought about fear to many Americans as they live their daily lives, not knowing what may happen next.  As a country, we are committed to press forward with war, even if it means sending troops, which causes casualties. Our enemies have made this a must, in order to protect the country. Americans still live in fear, but they must do what they can to protect America.


I feel that everyday each one of us is very concerned about another terrorist attack. Residing in a Navy town as you hear Navy jets fly overhead, you never forget that they are the ones protecting our country. I am proud to be an American and feel proud to live in a town where the jet noise is a daily reminder that the military will protect us. When you fly on a commercial flight, you are very much aware that the world has changed after the attacks; now you must pass thru security with many TSA personnel looking through your belongings to ensure everyone is safe. Many people have given their lives fighting for us so we do not have to live in fear.

I was commenting on some discussion prompts and guess what technology does to me?
My computer decides to do its updates and shuts off as I was clicking post.
Wonderful! -_-